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Stop retrying jobs

When a processor throws an exception that is considered unrecoverable, you should use the UnrecoverableError class. In this case, BullMQ will just move the job to the failed set without performing any retries, overriding any attempts settings used when adding the job to the queue.
import { Worker, UnrecoverableError } from 'bullmq';
const worker = new Worker('foo', async job => {
doSomeProcessing();
throw new UnrecoverableError('Unrecoverable');
}, { connection });
await queue.add(
'test-retry',
{ foo: 'bar' },
{
attempts: 3,
backoff: 1000,
},
);

Fail job when manual rate-limit

When a job is rate limited using Worker.RateLimitError and tried again, the attempts check is ignored, as rate limiting is not considered a real error. However, if you want to manually check the attempts and avoid retrying the job, you can do the following:
import { Worker, UnrecoverableError } from 'bullmq';
const worker = new Worker(
'myQueue',
async job => {
const [isRateLimited, duration] = await doExternalCall();
if (isRateLimited) {
await worker.rateLimit(duration);
if (job.attemptsMade >= job.opts.attempts) {
throw new UnrecoverableError('Unrecoverable');
}
// Do not forget to throw this special exception,
// since we must differentiate this case from a failure
// in order to move the job to wait again.
throw Worker.RateLimitError();
}
},
{
connection,
limiter: {
max: 1,
duration: 500,
},
},
);

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